Knots are used extensively in Search and Rescue. This page documents the basic rope and knot skills you should have as a member of Cal-ESAR.

Basic knots

The list below links to information about each knot. Some knots in the list have links to instructional videos on how to tie them.

  1. Clove hitch
  2. Two half Hitches
  3. Taut Line Hitch
  4. Butterfly loop (videho)
  5. Basic figure 8
  6. Figure 8 follow-through
  7. Figure 8 on a bight
  8. Directional Figure 8 (video)
  9. Figure 8 knot variations
  10. Double fisherman's (video)
  11. Prusik knot
  12. Tensionless Hitch (aka "No knot")

Flat webbing knot

Water knot

Rope belay knots

Munter hitch

Webbing climbing harness

Swiss Seat (video)

Diaper Seat (video)

Additional resources




  • The Ashley Book of Knots is an encyclopedia of knots. The book contains more than 3800 numbered entries and an estimated 7000 illustrations. The entries include knot instructions, uses, and some histories, categorized by type or function. It remains one of the most important and comprehensive books on knots. The abbreviation ABOK, followed by a number, is a common way to refer a knot back to location in Ashley's book.